Minutes of the CBDC Engagement Forum – March 2023

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Source: Bank of England

Item 1: Welcome

Co-chairs Gwyneth Nurse and Jon Cunliffe welcomed Members to the fifth meeting of the CBDC Engagement Forum.

Item 2: The digital pound Consultation Paper

The Bank of England and HM Treasury presented a summary of the Consultation Paper and the accompanying Technology Working Paper, published on 7 February 2023. The presentation covered the headlines, motivations, conceptual architecture, and main design features of the proposal for a UK CBDC, called the digital pound.

Forum Members welcomed the publication of the papers. Some Members were interested in understanding how the digital pound work would fit alongside other initiatives in payments that are being built or explored, such as the New Payments Architecture, and noted that there could be efficiencies in working closely with industry to ensure coordination with that work.

Given the potential introduction of a digital pound would still be a few years away, some Members argued that the digital pound infrastructure would need to be extensible and built to accommodate future changes in technology and business models. Members also expressed interest in understanding how the digital pound would coexist with the current main settlement system, RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement).

Some Members welcomed the Consultation Paper’s proposal to build the digital pound as a public platform to support private sector innovation. They noted that “pass-through” wallets, which would not hold digital pounds on their balance sheets, opened the door for new business opportunities in the payments landscape, which could allow for new innovative solutions to emerge. Members thought that it could be worth widening public engagement with potential future ecosystem participants, both Payment Interface Providers (PIPs) and merchants, to help them start thinking about how a digital pound would apply to their business models in the long term.

Some members noted that the proposed holding limit of £10,000 to £20,000 per individual described in the paper was higher than they had expected to see. Some thought this would be beneficial for innovation, while others questioned whether a relatively high limit could make digital pound wallets a direct competitor of traditional bank deposits, which could represent a risk to financial stability.

Item 3: Engagement in the next phase of work on the digital pound

The Bank of England and HM Treasury explained that they would step up the work on the digital pound after the publication of the paper, entering the “design phase”. In this phase, the work of authorities will become more detailed, and there will be a strong focus on operational and technical challenges. Forum Co-chairs sought feedback from Members on the format and functioning of the Engagement Forum over its first year and gathered views on how to maintain an appropriate level of engagement in the next phase.

Overall, Members thought that the Forum was a useful vehicle for authorities to hear different opinions from a wide range of stakeholders and agreed it should be maintained going forward, while acknowledging that changes to its format could be considered to allow for more in-depth conversation on specific topics.

Some Forum Members observed that it would be useful to intensify engagement with the real economy, including a wider array of firms, in conversations about the digital pound. They noted that the publication of the CP could facilitate a wider discussion and be a useful tool to make this issue more tangible to people not familiar with it.

Closing remarks

The co-Chairs closed the meeting and thanked the Members for their contributions.

Annex: meeting slides


  • Jon Cunliffe (Chair), Bank of England
  • Gwyneth Nurse (Chair), HM Treasury
  • Nicholas Butt, Bank of England
  • Katie Fortune, Bank of England
  • Simon Scorer, Bank of England
  • Danny Russell, Bank of England
  • Guillermo Pons, Bank of England
  • Clare Roberts, HM Treasury
  • Frankie Evans, HM Treasury


  • Adam Jackson, Director of Policy, Innovate Finance
  • Andrew Murphy, Executive Director for Operations, John Lewis Partnership
  • Anne Boden, CEO, Starling Bank
  • Arunan Tharmarajah, Head of European Banking, Wise
  • Bryan Zhang, Executive Director, Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance
  • Charlotte Hogg, CEO, Visa Europe
  • Harry Newman, Head of Market and Client Strategy, SWIFT
  • Jana Mackintosh, Managing Director Payments & Innovation, UK Finance
  • Jess Houlgrave, Chief of Staff, Checkout.com
  • Kate Frankish, Chief Business Development Officer, PayUK
  • Martin McTague, National Policy Chair, Federation of Small Businesses
  • Megan Coulson, FS Innovation and Payments, CBI
  • Natasha de Terán, Member of the Financial Services Consumer Panel
  • Paul Thwaite, CEO Commercial Banking, NatWest Group
  • Polly Tolley, Director of Impact, Citizens Advice Scotland
  • Ruth Wandhöfer, Chair, PSR Panel
  • Simon Coles, CTO, PayPoint
  • Simon Gaysford, Founder & Director, Frontier Economics
  • Tracey McDermott, Group Head of Conduct & Financial Crime, Standard Chartered Bank


  • Arun Kohli, COO EMEA, Morgan Stanley
  • Christian Catalini, Chief Strategy Officer, Lightspark
  • Chris Rhodes, CFO, Nationwide Building Society
  • Diana Layfield, President of EMEA Partnerships, Google
  • Georges Elhedery, Co-CEO Global Banking & Markets, HSBC
  • Hannah Regan, Financial Policy Lead, British Retail Consortium
  • Jorn Lambert, Chief Digital Officer, MasterCard
  • Judith Tyson, Research Fellow, Overseas Development Institute
  • Paul Bances, Head of Global Market Development of Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, and Digital Currencies, PayPal
  • Reema Patel, Head of Deliberative Engagement, Ipsos UK
  • Simon Gleeson, Financial Regulatory Group Lead, Clifford Chance

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